Max Planck Institute for Dynamics and Self-Organization -- Department for Nonlinear Dynamics and Network Dynamics Group
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BCCN Seminar

Tuesday, 12.07.2005 17 c.t.

Tuning Curve Shift by Attention Modulation in Cortical Neurons: a Computational Study of its Mechanisms

by Albert Compte
from Instituto de Neurociencias, Alicante, Spain

Location

Seminarraum Haus 2, 4. Stock (Bunsenstr.)

Abstract

Physiological studies of visual attention have demonstrated that focusing attention near a visual cortical neuron's receptive field (RF) results in enhanced evoked activity and RF shift. In this work, we explored the mechanisms of attention induced RF shifts in cortical network models that receive an attentional "spotlight". Our main results are threefold. First, whereas a "spotlight" input always produces toward-attention shift of the population activity profile, we found that toward-attention shifts in RFs of single cells requires multiplicative gain modulation. Secondly, in a feedforward two-layer model, focal attentional gain modulation in lower-layer neurons induces RF shift in upper-layer neurons downstream. In contrast to experimental observations, the feedforward model typically fails to produce RF shifts in upper-layer neurons when attention is directed beyond RF boundaries. We then show that an additive spotlight input combined with a recurrent network mechanism can produce the observed RF shift. Inhibitory effects in a surround of the attentional focus accentuate this RF shift and induce RF shrinking. Thirdly, we considered interrelationship between visual selective attention and adaptation. Our analysis predicts that the RF size is enlarged (respectively reduced) by attentional signal directed near a cell's RF center in a recurrent network (resp. in a feedforward network); the opposite is true for visual adaptation. Therefore, a refined estimation of the RF size during attention and after adaptation would provide a probe to differentiate recurrent versus feedforward mechanisms for RF shifts.

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